International Auxiliary Languages
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Pandunia is a worldlang created by Risto Kupsala. It derives its vocabulary from many languages around the world. Pandunia's grammar is isolating and concise.

History[]

Pandunia first began in 2005. The grammar has altered from analytic to agglutinative and back to analytic and isolating. Pandunia "2.0", an isolating language, was finalised in September 2021.

Phonology[]

Pandunia has 19 consonants and five vowels.

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Nasal

m

n (ŋ)

Plosive

p b

t d

k g
Affricate

tʃ dʒ

Fricative f s z(dz)

ʃ

h (x)
Approximant j w (v)
Lateral approximant

l

Trill r (ɹ)

Vowels[]

Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

Orthography[]

Pandunia uses 23 letters of the Latin alphabet except q, w, and x, plus two digraphs.

Letter a b ch d e f g h i j k l m n o p r s sh t u v y z
IPA a b t͡ʃ d e f g h~x i d͡ʒ l m n o r~ɹ s ʃ u w~v j z~d͡z

Pronouns[]

Personal Pronouns[]

Singular Plural
1st person mi mimon
2nd person tu tumon
3rd person ye yemon

Demonstrative Pronouns[]

  • ni - this, e.g. 'this cat is eating= ni mau zai yam'
  • go - that e.g. 'that dog is small = go vaf si lili'
  • la - the, e.g. the big mouse = la dai mushu

Interrogative Pronouns[]

  • ke? - what?
  • ke she? - which one?, e.g. which dog = ke vaf?
  • ke jen? – Who? (Which person?)
  • ke zaman? – When? (What time?)
  • ke yang? – How? (What way?)
  • ke sabu? – Why? (What reason?)

Also adjectives are questioned with ke.

  • ke nove? – How new?
  • ke koste? – How costly? (i.e. how much (money)?)
  • ke poli? – How many?
  • ke dai? – How big? eg. tu ten ke dai di mau? – How big a cat do you have?
  • ke lili? – How small?

Verbs[]

Verbs are not conjugated or inflected in Pandunia. Tense is expressed using verbal auxiliaries, which are placed before the verb. However they are not necessary if tense is already clear from context.

  • zai - currently (similar to English gerund) e.g. mi zai yam = I am eating
  • sha - future (similar to English 'will') e.g. mi sha yam - I will eat
  • le - perfective (similar to English perfect) e.g. mi le yam - I have eaten
  • pas - past e.g. mi pas yam - I ate

A total of 10 auxiliaries of time are listed on the website.

Numbers[]

0 siro 10 des 20 du des
1 un 11 des un 30 tri des
2 du 12 des du 40 nelu des
3 tri 13 des tri 50 lima des
4 nelu 14 des nelu 60 luka des
5 lima 15 des lima 70 cheti des
6 luka 16 des luka 80 bati des
7 cheti 17 des cheti 90 tisa des
8 bati 18 des bati
9 tisa 19 des tisa
100 sento
200 du sento
1,000 kilo
2,000 du kilo
10,000 des kilo
100,000 sento kilo
1,000,000 mega
1,000,000,000 giga
10^12 tera
10^15 peta
10^18 eksa
10^21 zeta
10^24 yota

Phrases[]

Pandunia English
salam hello
salam chuti goodbye
shukur thank you
no yau shukur you're welcome

(lit. no need to thank)

salam lai welcome
ya yes
no no

Resources[]

Pandunia web site

Pandunia wiki

Reddit

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